Prime Minister of Portugal
Order:113th (59th of the Republic, 11th since the Carnation Revolution)
Term of Office9 January 1981 - 9 June 1983
Predecessor:Diogo Freitas do Amaral
Date of Birth1 September 1937
Place of Birth:Lisbon
Wife:(1st) Maria Isabel de Lacerda Pinto da Costa Lobo (divorced)
(2nd) Maria de las Mercedes Aliu y Presas
Occupation:Journalist, newspaper editor, newspaper administrator, Chief Executive Officer of Impresa media group, Chairman of the European Publishers Council
Political Party:Social Democratic
Francisco Jose Pereira Pinto Balsemao, GCC (Portuguese pronunciation: [f????si?ku ?p?tu ba?s??m???]; b. Lisbon, 1 September 1937), is a former Prime Minister of Portugal, who served from 1981 to 1983.
He is the son of Henrique Patricio de Balsemao (b. Guarda, 9 September 1897) and wife (m. Lisbon on 21 May 1922) Maria Adelaide van Zeller de Castro Pereira (Sintra, 11 August 1897), granddaughter in male line of an adulterine son of King Pedro IV of Portugal. He is of sometimes remote and sometimes from many lines Portuguese, Spanish, English, German, Dutch, French and Italian descent.
Being a graduate in Law from the University of Lisbon, Pinto's pre-political career was in newspaper publishing. After working as a journalist and then as an administrator of Diario Popular (the People's Daily in English) from 1963 to 1971, he founded the Expresso (portuguese newspaper) magazine in 1973 and continued to direct it until 1980. He is one of top managers and owners of Impresa media group.
Pinto Balsemao made his political debut following the Carnation Revolution in 1974, when, together with Francisco de Sa Carneiro, Joaquim Magalhaes Mota, Carlos Mota Pinto, Joao Bosco Mota Amaral, Alberto Joao Jardim, Antonio Barbosa de Melo and Antonio Marques Mendes, he helped to found the Social Democratic Party (PSD), of which he is currently member number 1. In 1975 he was elected to the Constituent Assembly, which was charged with drafting a new constitution and served as an interim legislature. Pinto Balsemao was chosen as a Vice-President of this body.
Following the victory of the Democratic Alliance (a coalition led by the PSD) in two parliamentary elections (in 1979 and 1980), Pinto Balsemao held senior positions in two cabinets led by Prime Minister Sa Carneiro.
When Sa Carneiro was killed in an air accident on 4 December 1980, the Social Democratic Party chose Pinto Balsemao to succeed him. Despite his reputation for competence, he was widely perceived as lacking Sa Carneiro's charisma. He had difficulty maintaining the level of support enjoyed by his party, which had been based to a large extent on Sa Carneiro's personal popularity. He also had to cope with friction within the Democratic Alliance, and found the Democratic and Social Centre leader, Diogo Freitas do Amaral, a difficult ally. These factors contributed to his defeat in the parliamentary election of 1983. He finally retired from Parliament in 1987.
Pinto Balsemao currently serves as Chairman of the European Publishers Council ⇒ and as Chief Executive Officer of Grupo Impresa in Portugal. He is also a member of the Bilderberg Group, and as such has attracted some controversy.
He was the founder on 6 October 1992 of Sociedade Independente de Comunicacao (SIC), the first Portuguese private network.
He is also a Member of the Portuguese Council of State, elected by the Assembly of the Republic.
His first marriage was to Maria Isabel de Lacerda Pinto da Costa Lobo with whom he had two children: Monica da Costa Lobo Pinto Balsemao, and Henrique da Costa Lobo Pinto Balsemao, now Director of Programs of SIC.
After his divorce, he married Maria de las Mercedes Aliu y Presas and had two children: Joana Presas Pinto Balsemao, and Francisco Pedro Presas Pinto Balsemao.
Having separated from his second wife he had his fifth child ? Francisco Maria Supico Pinto Balsemao ? with Isabel Maria Supico Pinto.
Nesta biografia , internacional , há aqui umas coisinhas.......
De onde virá o PINTO , no nome?
Marques Mendes foi , com Sá Carneiro , fundador do PPD?
Para quê os ????? quando mencionam o filho Francisco?
Não morro de amores por ele , e então aqui na CACINE nem se fala , mas é uma personalidade , sem dúvida , que praticou alguns erros , como todos nós , e fez muito pela dita comunicação social (ganhando muito , também) , orgulhando-se de um masochismo pouco próprio , mas que tem o desmérito de não ter aproveitado minimamente a grande oportunidade que o destino lhe deu.E quanto à sucessão de Sá Carneiro , ainda estamos para saber bem o que se passou!!!!!!!!